The personal Style of the fresh new Therapist Questionnaire (PST-Q) is made because of the Fernandez-Alvarez et al

The personal Style of the fresh new Therapist Questionnaire (PST-Q) is made because of the Fernandez-Alvarez et al

(2003), and you may was designed to assess “the fresh gang of attributes that each therapist applies in every psychotherapeutic condition, therefore shaping part of the options that come with the latest therapeutic operate” (p. 117). The new survey assesses five additional dimensions: flexibility-tightness (Instructional subscale), distance-closeness (Expressive subscale), lesser involvement-better involvement (Engagement subscale), large focused-slim centered (Attentional subscale) and you will spontaneous-prepared (Surgical subscale). This is certainly a good 36-items thinking-declaration measure filled out by the practitioners which have responses ranked towards a measure between step one (overall disagreement)so you’re able to 7 (total arrangement). The new level indicates a test-retest accuracy regarding .79, that have Chronbach’s reliability coefficients for each subscale, below; educational, .69; expressive, .75; involvement, .78; attentional, .80; operative, .78. Foundation Research found an excellent KMO = .756 (Pick Dining table step 1 to possess alphas in the modern study).

Operating Alliance Collection-Quick Mode (WAI-S)

The functional Alliance Inventory (WAI), produced by Horvath Greenberg (1986), try a good 36 item survey that is certainly administered to help you both customers and therapists and that is rated to your a beneficial eight-section Likert style of size from1 (never)to help you 7 (always). Tracey and you may Kokotovic (1989) proposed a customer and you can specialist Performing Alliance Directory-Quick Form (WAI-S), that contains five factors for every subscale (Activity, Goal, and you can Bond) and you will full WAI-S results, demonstrating higher precision having leader account like, and also a lot better than the new WAI to your therapist subscales and you can complete average results (Activity, leader = .83; Thread, alpha = .91; Mission, alpha = .88; and you may Standard Alliance, alpha = .95). Look for Dining table step 1 for alphas in the present study.

Process Record (TL)

The techniques Record scale try adapted away from Hollis (1995), whom catalogued an intensive selection of guidance and you may therapy techniques representing an over-all spectral range of philosophical basics. In order to improve it thorough record according to processes put particularly of the cognitive behavioral and you will constructivist treatment orientations, we recruited counseling mindset graduate pupils to see the entire set of 108 cures techniques and you will rates the new the total amount that for every single strategy is utilized by per therapeutic strategy (intellectual behavioral and you may constructivist), having fun with a great 5-part Likert types of measure from one (Never ever or Hardly ever) so you’re able to 5 (Constantly or More often than not).


Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

Such 40 factors have been detailed alphabetically and participants was indeed expected to help you speed the brand new the total amount to which they normally use for every technique inside their habit of cures with each other a good 5-point level from 1 (Never ever otherwise Hardly ever)to help you 5 (Always otherwise Always). The brand new critiques of the 20 rationalist items have been summed and a suggest is determined to help you reflect the common regularity of utilizing rationalist interventions (you’ll range = 1-5), in addition to same process was utilized in relation to the brand new 20 constructivist treatments.

This new intense study was applied in order to carry out an effective confirmatory grounds analysis towards the Process Record size. The present day investigation is tested getting multi-variate normalcy therefore the presumptions had been satisfied. The kurtosis rates to your details fell between step 1 and you may –1 parameters but constructivist activities 12, 13, 16, and you will 20 and you can intellectual behavioural product step three, which had a great kurtosis beliefs ranging from 2 and you will –2. For that reason, these types of five activities have been removed from the new measure just before running the latest confirmatory basis study.

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